The Achievements Report highlights recent accomplishments of the SWAMP and its partners, framing the many projects SWAMP is a part of in the context of their value to the State of California and the public at large. The Achievements Report also describes how monitoring data have been used to answer critical water quality questions pertaining to California’s surface waters and how this information has been conveyed to resource managers and the public. Program activities are organized under the following categories: Monitoring, Assessments, Communication, Comparability, Coordination, and Management Decisions.
The goal of the Bioaccumulation Monitoring Program is to address the “Fishable” beneficial use through surveys of contaminant concentrations in fish tissue throughout waters of the state. The Bioaccumulation Oversight Group (BOG) serves as the advising body for SWAMP’s fish tissue monitoring program. Sampling occurs on a five-year cycle, rotating between lakes and reservoirs, coastal waters, and rivers and streams. The following reports are currently available:
- Lakes & Reservoirs
- Coastal Waters
- Streams & Rivers
- Is It Safe to Eat Fish and Shellfish from our Waters? - On My Water Quality Website
- Bioaccumulation of Pollutants in California Waters
A Review of Historic Data and Assessment of Impacts on Fishing and Aquatic Life – October 2007
- State Mussel Watch (SMW) and Toxic Substances Monitoring (TSM) Program Publications
Information about “historic” tissue monitoring, 1976 – 2003
Perennial Streams Assessment (PSA)
The PSA is an ongoing, long-term statewide survey of the ecological condition of wadeable perennial streams and rivers throughout California. The PSA is funded by SWAMP and other partners, including the USEPA and the Water Boards’ Nonpoint Source program. The PSA collects samples for biological indicators (benthic macroinvertebrates, algae) and chemical constituents (nutrients, major ions, etc.), and conducts habitat assessments (both for in-stream and riparian corridor conditions). The PSA has produced numerous reports and other products, including:
- 8-Year PSA Report: Ecological Condition Assessments of California's Perennial Wadeable Streams (2000 through 2007): Novel use
of probability surveys to assess the condition of streams draining agricultural, urban, and forested landscapes.
No time to read the whole report? Below are four memoranda summarizing major findings from the SWAMP Perennial Streams Assessment:
- Synthesis Report: Integrating probability and targeted survey designs in regional stream condition assessments with examples from southern coastal California – November 2009
- 6-Year PSA Report: Ecological Condition Assessments of California's Perennial Wadeable Streams (2000 through 2006) – October 2007
- Water Quality Assessment Report of the Condition of California Coastal Waters and Wadeable Streams (Clean Water Act, Section 305(b) Report) – October 2006
- 4-Year PSA Report: Probabilistic Assessment of the Biotic Condition of Perennial Streams and Rivers in California – August 2005
- Condition Assessment of Coastal Streams in Southern and Central California – Final Report – July 2004
- Assessing the Health of Southern California Streams
Reference Condition Management Program (RCMP)
The RCMP, funded primarily by SWAMP, is California’s program for establishing and maintaining a network of stream and river “reference sites,” and using this network to establish “reference conditions” for wadeable perennial streams and rivers throughout California. The RCMP plays a central role in developing assessment thresholds for biotic integrity and in establishing biological objectives, and is supplemented by reference programs of several partner agencies, such as the U.S. Forest Service, Tahoe Regional Planning Agency, etc.
- Recommendations for the Development and Maintenance of a Reference Condition Management Program (RCMP) to support Biological Assessment of California's Wadeable Streams – March 2009
- Adaptation of a reference site selection methodology to creeks and sloughs of California’s Sacramento Valley and alternative strategies for developing a regional bioassessment framework – March 2005
Tools Based on Freshwater Algae
- Incorporating Bioassessment Using Freshwater Algae into California’s Surface Water Ambient Monitoring Program (“Algae Plan”) - May 2008
- Algae as Bioindicators - A New Tool for Water Quality Assessment (slide presentation) - September 2009 (also available: Webinar)
- Preliminary Index of Biological Integrity (IBI) for Periphyton in the Eastern Sierra (draft technical report) - August 2008
- California Estuarine Nutrient Numeric Endpoints (NNE) Project
- A Novel Quantification Method for Stream - Inhabiting, Non-diatom Benthic Algae, and its Application in Bioassessment - Hydrobiologia 2012
- Evaluation of the California State Water Resources Control Board’s Bioassessment Program – Final Report to USEPA, by C. Yoder, Center for Applied Bioassessment & Biocriteria, and R. Plotnikoff, Tetra Tech, Inc. – May 2009
- The Status and Future of Biological Assessment for California Streams – by M. Barbour and C. Hill, Tetra Tech, Inc. – January 2003
Other Available Reports about Bioassessment
- Comparisons of Targeted-riffle and Reach-wide Benthic Macroinvertebrate Samples: implications for data sharing in stream-condition assessments, by A.C. Rehn, P.R. Ode, and C.P. Hawkins, JNABS 2007
- Comparison of the Performance of Bioassessment Methods: similar evaluations of biotic integrity from separate programs and procedures, by D.B. Herbst and E.L. Silldorff, JNABS 2006
- National Stream Report – link to USEPA’s nationwide Wadeable Streams Assessment
- Aquatic Ecosystem Health of Streams, Rivers & Lakes 'My Water Quality' Web Portal
- Biological Objectives webpage (standards for freshwater wadeable streams & rivers)
- California Aquatic Bioassessment Workgroup (CABW) meetings & products (2003 onward):
October 29-30, 2013 Meeting Agenda with Presentations only November 7-8, 2012 Meeting Agenda with Presentations only
Meeting Agenda including Videos of Speakers and their Presentations
November 9-10, 2011 Meeting Agenda with Presentations only
Meeting Agenda including Videos of Speakers and their Presentations
November 16-17, 2010 Agenda with Powerpoint Presentations Only October 28-29, 2009 Agenda with Powerpoint Presentations Only November 19-20, 2008 Agenda with Powerpoint Presentations Only November 29-30, 2007 Agenda with Powerpoint Presentations Only November 29-30, 2006 Agenda with Powerpoint Presentations Only November 1-2, 2005 Agenda with Powerpoint Presentations Only November 30 & December 1, 2004 Agenda with Powerpoint Presentations Only December 2-4, 2003 Agenda with Powerpoint Presentations Only
The SPoT project, funded primarily by SWAMP, monitors trends in sediment toxicity and sediment contaminant concentrations in selected large rivers throughout California, and relates contaminant concentrations to watershed land uses.
- Initial Trends in Chemical Contamination, Toxicity and Land Use in California Watersheds – Field Years 2009-2010
This report covers the second annual survey and identifies trends of toxicity and chemical contamination, and the watershed land uses associated with their presence in California streams. The report also covers Regional trends for the same study period.
- From the Water Boards' Performance Report 2011 - Are our Aquatic Ecosystems Healthy? - Toxicity in some of our streams, rivers, lakes, and coastal areas summarized in a map presentation.
- Statewide Perspective on Chemicals of Concern and Connections between Stream Water Quality and Land Use - Field Year 2008
This report covers the first annual survey and identifies chemicals of concern and the watershed land uses associated with their presence in California streams. The data collected can be used in a space-for-time-swap approach to estimate the effect that further land use change (such as increasing urbanization) would have on stream water quality in California.
- SWAMP Statewide Stream Contaminant Trend Monitoring at Integrator Sites – July 2008
- SPoT Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) – July 2012
- Characterization of the rocky intertidal ecological communities associated with southern California Areas of Special Biological Significance - May 2012
- Assessing water quality in Marine Protected Areas from Southern California, USA - 2011
- Status of California’s Marine Water Quality Protected Areas - September 2010
- Water Boards' Performance Report 2011 - Are our Aquatic Ecosystems Healthy?
This section includes information about toxicity in some of our coastal areas.
- Watershed-scale Evaluation of Agricultural BMP Effectiveness in Protecting Critical Coastal Habitats - April 2010
- Pilot Study Areas of Special Biological Significance - Winter 2007–2008
- National Coastal Condition Report III (2008) (USEPA Link)
Constituents of Emerging Concern
Healthy Streams Partnership
- California Integrated Assessment of Watershed Health: A Report on the Status and Vulnerability of Watershed Health in California, 2013. Prepared by the Cadmus Group, Inc., and the California Healthy Streams Partnership for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA-841-R-14-003. November 2013. 118 pp.
- Co-occurrence of Pesticides and Aquatic Species, 2012; Breuer, R., D. Denton, W.M. Williams, C.G. Hoogeweg and M. Zhang. Prioritizing Research Needs for Threatened and Endangered Species in California Watersheds, Chapter 22; American Chemical Society (ACS) Symposium Series 1111
- Bacteria Monitoring Inventory of California's Freshwater Beaches – March 2008
- Screening California Surface Waters for Estrogenic Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EEDC) with a Juvenile Rainbow Trout Liver Vitellogenin mRNA Procedure - October 2006
- From the Water Boards' Performance Report 2011 - Are our Aquatic Ecosystems Healthy?
Toxicity in some of our streams, rivers, lakes, and coastal areas summarized in a map presentation.
- Toxicity in California Waters - Complete report of nine years of toxicity testing data collected by SWAMP and partner programs - October 2011
- Toxicity in California Waters, Regional Toxicity Reports - August 2012
- Statewide Investigation of the Role of Pyrethroid Pesticide in Sediment Toxicity in California's Urban Waterways - August 2008
- Toxicity Testing and Toxicity Identification Evaluation Final Report - April 2007
- The Status of Perennial Estuarine Wetlands in the State of California, Sept 2008 (Full Report) | Fact Sheet
- California Wetlands Portal - On My Water Quality Website
- 2010 SWAMP Strategy: Update to the SWAMP’s Comprehensive Monitoring and Assessment Strategy to Protect and Restore California’s Water Quality – December 2010
- 2010 SWAMP Strategy (full report with appendices)
- 2010 SWAMP Strategy (report only)
- 2005 SWAMP Strategy: This was SWAMP’s 5-7 year “business plan” – October 2005
- Review of California’s Surface Water Ambient Monitoring Program: Final report from the external Scientific Planning and Review Committee (SPARC) – May 2006
- Science Support for the Surface Water Ambient Monitoring Program by R. Hoenicke, S. Lowe, and J. Davis of the San Francisco Estuary Institute (SFEI) – April 2008
- State Water Board's 2000 Report to the Legislature proposing a ‘Comprehensive Ambient Surface Water Quality Monitoring Program’
- SWAMP Fact Sheets
- SWAMP Brochure
- SWAMP Monitor Newsletters
- SWAMP Posters
- Program Goals and Vision
- California Monitoring and Assessment Program (CMAP) for Perennial Streams
- (SWAMP) San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board (RWQCB) 2004
- San Francisco Bay RWQCB Seasonal Water Temperature Study (Summer 2005)
- A Rapid Trash Assessment Applied to Waters for the San Francisco Bay Region: Trash Measurement in Streams (2004)