The State Water Resources Control Board (the State Water Board) was created
by the Legislature in 1967. The mission of the
Water Board is to ensure the highest reasonable quality for
waters of the State, while allocating those waters to
achieve the optimum balance of beneficial uses. The
joint authority of water allocation and water quality
protection enables the Water Board to provide comprehensive
protection for California's waters.
The Water Board consists of five full-time salaried Members, each
filling a different specialty position. Each board member is appointed
to a four-year term by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate.
There are nine Regional Water Quality Control Boards (Regional Boards).
The mission of the Regional Boards is to develop and enforce
water quality objectives and implementation plans that
will best protect the beneficial uses of the State's
waters, recognizing local differences in climate, topography,
geology and hydrology.
Each Regional Board has seven part-time Members also appointed by the
Governor and confirmed by the Senate. Regional Boards develop
"basin plans" for their hydrologic areas, govern requirements/issue
waste discharge permits, take enforcement action against
violators, and monitor water quality. The
task of protecting and enforcing the many uses of water,
including the needs of industry, agriculture, municipal
districts, and the environment is an ongoing challenge
for the Water Board and Regional Boards.
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