Wetland Riparian Area Protection Policy
Clean Water Act Section 401 – Certification and Wetlands Program
State Wetland Definition and Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material to Waters of the State
The State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board) adopted a State Wetland Definition and Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material to Waters of the State (Procedures), for inclusion in the forthcoming Water Quality Control Plan for Inland Surface Waters and Enclosed Bays and Estuaries and Ocean Waters of California. The Procedures consist of four major elements: 1) a wetland definition; 2) a framework for determining if a feature that meets the wetland definition is a water of the state; 3) wetland delineation procedures; and 4) procedures for the submittal, review and approval of applications for Water Quality Certifications and Waste Discharge Requirements for dredge or fill activities.
The State Water Board adopted the Procedures to address several important issues. There is need to strengthen protection of waters of the state that are no longer protected under the Clean Water Act (CWA) due to U.S. Supreme Court decisions, since the Water Boards have historically relied on CWA protections in dredged or fill discharge permitting practices. Second, there is inconsistency across the Water Boards in requirements for discharges of dredged or fill material into waters of the state, including wetlands. There is no single accepted definition of wetlands at the state level, and the Water Boards may have different requirements and levels of analysis with regard to the issuance of water quality certifications. Finally, current regulations have not been adequate to prevent losses in the quantity and quality of wetlands in California, where there have been especially profound historical losses of wetlands.
The Procedures, formerly known as the Wetland Riparian Area Protection Policy, has been renamed in order to communicate that the Procedures apply to all discharges of dredged or fill material to waters of the state, not just wetlands.
The Office of Administrative Law (OAL) approved the Procedures on August 28, 2019. Pursuant to the Procedures, the effective date is nine months upon OAL approval. Accordingly, the Procedures will be effective May 28, 2020.
The State Water Resources Control Board issued a Notice of Decision on August 30, 2019.
- Coming Soon!! State Water Board staff are drafting a framework for climate change assessments as required by Board Resolution No. 2019-0015, and will be releasing a plan to solicit stakeholder and agency input in Fall of 2019
- Training on the Procedures will be provided to Water Board staff in spring 2020
- Public training and guidance will be made available in spring 2020
- State Water Board staff will provide annual progress reports to the State Water Board in consultation with stakeholders regarding implementation issues, updates regarding application processing timelines, and environmental performance measures
Final Official Documents
- California Water Board Adopts Statewide Wetland Definition and Procedures (posted 04/02/19)
- State Water Resources Control Board Resolution No. 2019-0015 (posted 05/14/19)
- State Wetland Definition and Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material to Waters of the State (posted 05/14/19)
- Staff Report – Including Substitute Environmental Documentation for the State Wetland Definition and Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material to Waters of the State (posted 05/14/19)
- Response to Comments Received on the July 21, 2017 Draft Procedures (posted 03/22/19)
- The Technical Advisory Team (TAT) was formed under a USEPA grant to assist in scientific analysis of specific policy topics.
- Technical Memorandum 1: Technical Advisory Team Formation and Purpose
- Technical Memorandum 2: Wetland Definition
- Technical Memorandum 3: Landscape Framework
- Technical Memorandum 4: Wetland Delineation
- Water Boards Peer Review - Proposed Wetland Definition and Delineation Method
- Staff Whitepaper: Evaluation of Proposed Dredge or Fill Procedures’ Alternatives Analysis Requirements January 28, 2019
2019 Draft Procedures
- State Wetland Definition and Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material to Waters of the State – Clarifications to the January 2019 Version (Strikethrough/Underline) (posted 02/22/2019)
- State Wetland Definition and Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material to Waters of the State – Stakeholder Requested Policy Changes (posted 02/22/2019)
- Revised Public Notice (posted 01/25/19)
- State Wetland Definition and Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material to Waters of the State (Clean Version) (posted 01/03/19)
- Staff Report and Supplemental Environmental Documentation (Clean Version) (posted 01/03/19)
- Staff Report and Supplemental Environmental Documentation (Comparison) (posted 01/03/19)
- Response to Comments Received on the 2017 Draft Procedures (posted 01/03/19)
- Presentation slides for the January 9, 2019 Staff Workshop (posted 01/14/19)
- Webcast of the January 22, 2019 Board Workshop
- Webcast of the February 6, 2019 Public Staff Workshop & Stakeholder Meeting
- Presentation: Clarification Slides for February 6 Staff Workshop
- Presentation: Policy Slides for February 6 Staff Workshop
- Presentation Slides for the March 5, 2019 Board Workshop
- Webcast of the March 5, 2019 Board Workshop
2017 Draft Procedures
- 2017 Draft State Wetland Definition and Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Materials to Waters of the State (Clean Version)
- 2017 Draft State Wetland Definition and Staff Report for Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Materials to Waters of the State, including Substitute Environmental Documentation (Clean Version)
- 2017 Draft Staff Report for State Wetland Definition and Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Materials to Waters of the State, including Substitute Environmental Documentation (Comparison)
- 2017 Revised Notice of Public Comment
- 2017 Notice of Public Comment
- 2017 Response to Public Comments received on the 2016 Draft Procedures
- 2017 Comparison of CWA 404(b)(1) Guidelines to the State Supplemental Dredged or Fill Guidelines
- 2017 Fact Sheet for Draft Procedures
- 2017 Staff Workshop Presentation and Q & A - Please click this link to view a recording of the staff workshop held on August 4, 2017
2016 Draft Procedures
- 2016 Comments Received on the Draft Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Materials to Waters of the State
- 2016 Revised Notice of Public Comment Period
- 2016 Draft Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Materials to Waters of the State
- 2016 Draft Staff Report for proposed Procedures for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Materials to Waters of the State, including Substitute Environmental Documentation
- 2016 Comparison of CWA 404(b)(1) Guidelines to the State Supplemental Dredged or Fill Guidelines for inclusion in the proposed Procedures in Appendix A. State Supplemental Dredged or Fill Guidelines indicate how the Water Boards would implement the 404(b)(1) Guidelines, 40 CFR part 230.1-230.98, under the proposed Procedures.
- Staff Workshop Presentation
Other Historical Documents
- 2014 March – Revised Wetland Conservation Work Plan
The 2012 Wetland Conservation Work Plan has been revised for 2014 (posted 4/03/15)
- Preliminary Draft Wetland Area Protection Policy Adoption Schedule This schedule is subject to periodic updates (posted 3/17/14).
- Staff Level Discussion Document - These are internal administrative draft materials. These have not been reviewed by Water Board executive management of the Office of Chief Counsel, and do not represent final decisions by the Water Board. At this time, the Water Board is not soliciting any comments on these internal administrative draft materials (posted 2/21/14).
- 2013 January – Revised Preliminary Draft Wetland Area Protection Policy (posted 1/28/13)
The State Water Resources Control Board released a Preliminary Draft Wetland Area Protection Policy (Policy) today. The Policy release is for informational purposes only since it is still moving through the process of internal review. The Policy development effort has included input from the general public, stakeholder groups, state and federal agencies, tribal government representatives, and technical experts. The draft policy is scheduled to be released with an environmental review document later this year for public comment. The Policy includes four elements: (1) a wetland definition; (2) a wetland delineation method; (3) a wetland assessment and monitoring framework; and (4) authorization procedures for dredge and fill discharges to waters of the state.
- 2012 September – Technical Memoranda 2, 3 and 4 have been revised in response to peer review comments and other comments. See the new versions in the Technical Advisory Team Memoranda links below.
- 2012 May – Wetlands: Frequently Asked Questions
- 2011 December 22 – CRAM Peer Review and Staff Comments
Rapid wetland condition assessment methods, such as CRAM, are currently under consideration as part of the Phase 1 Wetland Area Protection Policy assessment, monitoring and reporting requirements. For this reason, CRAM was submitted for external scientific review to verify that the scientific findings, conclusions, and assumptions of CRAM are based upon sound scientific knowledge, methods, and practices. Get more information on the State Water Resources Control Board peer review process.
- 2011 April - Wetland Conservation Work Plan
The State Water Board and the Department of Fish and Game have developed a five-year coordinated Work Plan to carry out each agency’s directives regarding wetland conservation program development and to support funding for these activities through sU.S. EPA Wetland Program Development Grants and other source.
- 2011 February-May - Draft Program Environmental Impact Report
The State Water Resources Control Board invited the public to comment on potential environmental effects of the proposed Project. The Project will include a State Water Board wetland definition.
- 2011 January and February - Two Public Workshops/CEQA Scoping Meetings
- Meeting Locations:
- Sacramento - January 31, 2011
- San Diego - February 8, 2011
- Presentation - "Wetland Area Protection Policy and Dredge and Fill Regulations for California"
- Meeting Locations:
- 2010 June 21, June 30 and July 7 - Phase 1 WRAPP Public Meetings
The Policy Development Team received comments from representatives of interest groups and Tribal Government representatives. They will use this input to develop a first draft of the policy scope and supporting staff report for future public review.
- 2009 October 6 - State Water Board Meeting - Information Item
The State Water Board was briefed on a wetland definition developed by the Technical Advisory Team (TAT), at the October 6th Board Meeting. to be held at the Cal/EPA Building in Sacramento
- 2008 December 4 & 5 - Phase 1 WRAPP Stakeholders Meetings
State and Regional Water Board policy staff heard comments from representatives of the following groups regarding the policy scope: (1) business; (2) environmental; (3) state & local agencies; (4) agriculture, timber & range; (5) federal and tribes; and (6) public health and safety. The Policy Development Team will use this input to develop a first draft of the policy and supporting staff report for future public review. See an Overview of the Policy Development Process
- 2008 August -September - CEQA Scoping Meetings
State Water Board staff sought public input regarding the scope and content of Phase 1 of a statewide policy to protect waters of the state, including wetlands, from dredge and fill activities, as described in the State Water Board Resolution No. 2008-0026. CEQA Scoping Meetings on Phase I of the Wetland & Riparian area Protection Policy are scheduled for August 18 (Sacramento) and August 20 (Huntington Beach). Comment deadline is September 8, 2008, by 12 p.m. Please see the public notice for details.
- 2008 July 15 - Board Update
The Water Resources Board was updated on the progress of the Wetland Policy Development Team's charter, stakeholder plan, and timelines at the Board Meeting.
- 2008 April 15 - Resolution Passed
The State Water Board passed a resolution directing work to begin on a statewide wetland and riparian area policy for future consideration. The policy will be developed in three phases, with the first phase due by mid-2009.
- Board Presentation (PPT)
- 2007 April-May - Wetland and Riparian Area Protection Proposed Policy
- Executive Order W-59-93 (signed by Governor Pete Wilson on August 23, 1993) established state policy guidelines for wetlands conservation. The primary goal of this policy is to ensure no overall net loss and to achieve a long-term net gain in the quantity, quality, and permanence of wetland acreage in California. The federal wetlands policy, representing a significant advance in wetlands protection, was unveiled by nine federal agencies on August 24, 1993.
- Compensatory Mitigation Study Now Available
The State Water Resources Control Board has released a comprehensive study that evaluates the effectiveness of the State's wetland regulatory program. The study found that the permit compliance was generally met and that overall wetland acreage was being maintained; however, the biological health of the these replacement wetlands was low. The study is titled "An Evaluation of Compensatory Mitigation Projects Permitted Under Clean Water Act Section 401 by the California State Water Resources Control Board, 1991-2002" by Richard F. Ambrose and Steven F. Lee of the University of California, Los Angeles, and John C. Callaway of the University of San Francisco.
- SWANCC decision - isolated waters information and related documents.
- State Regulation of "Isolated" Waters - Summary
- Workplan: Filling the Gaps in Wetland Protection, September 24, 2004
- Guidance for Regulation of Discharge to Isolated Waters, June 25, 2004
- Report to Legislature, Regulatory Steps Needed to Protect and Conserve Wetlands Not Subject to the Clean Water Act, April 2003
- State Board Response to Federal ANPRM, March 13, 2003
- Memorandum: Effect of SWANCC v. United States on the 401 Certification Program, January 25, 2001
- CWA Section 401 Certification and Wetlands Program Web Page
- For more information on this topic, contact the State Water Board's, Division of Water Quality/Water Certification Unit,
Wetlands Permitting and Planning Unit
phone: (916) 341-5579
email: Anamaria.Saenz@waterboards.ca.gov phone (916) 341-5480
Self-subscribe to the Wetland and Riparian Area Protection Policy / Statewide Dredge or Fill Procedures email list and receive announcements.
(Page last updated 9/3/19)
Water is a precious resource in California, and maintaining its quality is of utmost importance to safeguard the health of the public and the environment.