Statewide General Waste Discharge Requirements (WDRs) for Wineries

The State Water Board has developed General WDRs for winery process water (Winery Order) for wineries and other similar facilities (collectively referred as wineries) with activities related to producing wine or grape juice that generate winery waste and discharge it to land for reuse or disposal. The Winery Order is applicable statewide and is intended to streamline and improve permitting consistency.

The State Water Board will continue to engage the public and stakeholders as part of the Winery Order implementation process and this website will be updated with related information as it becomes available.

On January 20, 2021, the State Water Resources Control Board adopted a Resolution for the California Environmental Quality Act Mitigated Negative Declaration for the Waste Discharge Requirements for Winery Process Water and associated General Order.

  If you have questions on the adopted Winery Order, please contact staff at (916) 341-6904 or DWQ-Winery@Waterboards.ca.gov.

DISCLAIMER

All guidance materials posted on this website are intended to provide the regulated community and the public with a general understanding of the Statewide Winery Order from a staff perspective. These materials are informational only, and are not intended to implement, interpret, or create new requirements. In the case of any conflict with existing statutes, regulations, or orders, the actual statute, regulation, or order governs. For specific questions, please contact staff of the State Water Board or the appropriate Regional Water Quality Control Board (regional water board).

General Information

An Electronic Notice of Intent and Help Guide are now available.

Use the Eligibility Survey and Help Guide to aid in determining Winery Order applicability or to respond to an outreach letter received from the State Water Resources.

The approved Winery Fee Schedule has been posted to the Water Quality Fees web page.

Enrollment
The enrollment section will be updated with related information as it becomes available.

Who is required to enroll in the Winery Order?
Facilities currently or planning to produce wine or grape juice, between 10,000 and 15,000,000 gallons of process water per year and discharges process water to land (for example, land application for irrigation or through a septic-subsurface disposal system). If your facility conducts different operations, another permit may be required: please consult the local regional water board.

What are the enrollment steps and requirements?

Part 1: Complete the Electronic Notice of Intent (eNOI) using the Winery General Order Notice of Intent Help Guide

For assistance in determining the applicability of the Winery Order to your facility use the Eligibility: General Waste Discharge Requirements for Winery Process Water survey (Eligibility Survey) using the Eligibility Survey Help Guide. Contact the Water Board via email at DWQ-Winery@Waterboards.ca.gov or the appropriate Regional Water Board using the email address below if assistance is still needed.

Part 2: Pay the associated application fee (first annual fee is an application fee using the information below and in the Winery General Order Notice of Intent Help Guide

Part 3: Submit the eNOI and obtain the Legally Responsible Official’s signature using the Winery General Order Notice of Intent Help Guide

Part 4: Submit the signed and completed Notice of Intent to the Regional Water Board using the Winery General Order Notice of Intent Help Guide.

Fee Schedule and Payments
On July 6, 2021 the State Water Board adopted the Winery Order fee schedule (the full fee schedule will be available in the California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 23, Division 3, Chapter 9. Waste Discharge Reports and Requirements, Article 1. Fees, Sections 2200-2200.9. Annual Fee Schedules).

  For more information, see the Water Quality Fees Program Page.

  Questions? (e.g., Not sure what tier your facility is in, what fee to pay, where to mail your check, or if an application fee is required if facility currently has Waste Discharge Requirements), contact:

How To Pay

Visit the Make a Payment page.

For more detailed step-by-step instructions, please view the Fee Payment Guide.

Note: ‘FA-WINE’ on the check, electronic Automated Clearing House (ACH) bank account debit payment, or ACH credit card payment (unless the winery has received an invoice number)

For questions about fees or invoicing, please contact the Fee Branch via email at: FeeBranch@waterboards.ca.gov.

Contact the Water Board via email at: DWQ-Winery@waterboards.ca.gov or the appropriate Regional Water Board:

Regional Water Board Email Address
North Coast Regional Water Board northcoast@waterboards.ca.gov
San Francisco Bay Regional Water Board RB2-Winery@waterboards.ca.gov
Central Coast Regional Water Board RB3-WDR@waterboards.ca.gov
Los Angeles Regional Water Board losangeles@waterboards.ca.gov
Central Valley Regional Water Board – Redding centralvalleyredding@waterboards.ca.gov
Central Valley Regional Water Board – Rancho Cordova centralvalleysacramento@waterboards.ca.gov
Central Valley Regional Water Board – Fresno centralvalleyfresno@waterboards.ca.gov
Lahontan Regional Water Board – South Lake Tahoe lahontan@waterboards.ca.gov
Lahontan Regional Water Board – Victorville lahontan@waterboards.ca.gov
Colorado River Regional Water Board rb7-wdrs_paperless@waterboards.ca.gov
Santa Ana Regional Water Board santaana@waterboards.ca.gov
San Diego Regional Water Board rb9paperless@waterboards.ca.gov

March 12, 2021, a notice was transmitted to the public for virtual State Water Board (Board) staff webinars on implementation of the adopted General Waste Discharge Requirements for Winery Process Water (Winery Order) scheduled for April 2021. Staff held a series of outreach webinars to provide information on and answer questions for the implementation of the Winery Order on April 8th, 21st, and 23rd of 2021 via Zoom.

  Please email staff at DWQ-Winery@waterboards.ca.gov for a copy of the presentation, or   view the recorded session on YouTube.

January 19, 2021, a fourth updated public notice was transmitted to the public to ensure clarity to the public on the January 20, 2021 Board Meeting start time.

January 7, 2021, a third updated Public Notice was transmitted to the public to change the date the Ex Parte communication prohibition went into effect from January 6, 2021 to January 13, 2021.

December 17, 2020, an updated Public Notice was transmitted to the public changing the Board meeting from January 5, 2021 to January 20, 2021.

October 29, 2020, a revised Public Notice was transmitted to the public changing the Board meeting to consider adoption from November 27, 2020 to December 15, 2020. On December 2, 2020, the revised draft Winery Order and California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) Initial Study and Mitigated Negative Declaration were transmitted to the public in response to comment and an updated Public Notice changing the Board meeting from December 15, 2020 to January 5, 2021.

July 3, 2020, the draft Winery Order was transmitted to the public for comment and additionally noticed a July 22, 2020 public workshop, and the future proposed adoption of the draft Winery Order. The draft Winery Order incorporates comments from partners on the 2019 administrative draft documents.

  Link to Comment Letter File Share Site
Instructions: open link, go to the folder path: 2020 > August > 080520_Winery GO

February 11, 2019, an administrative draft of the Winery Order was transmitted to the public for informal comments; the informal comment period closed April 5, 2019.

Board staff held outreach meetings between April and August of 2019 in Hopland, Lodi, Napa, San Luis Obispo, and Temecula.

The Statewide General Waste Discharge Requirements for Winery Process Water (Winery Order) sets criteria for facilities that meet the necessary requirements to be considered “exempt”.

Although the facility may not be required to enroll in the Winery Order, other Water Boards (State Water Resources Control Board and the regional water quality control boards) regulatory program enrollment may be required depending on facility operations (e.g., National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Wastewater Permits, NPDES Industrial Stormwater General Permits, other Waste Discharge Requirements, or Irrigated Lands Regulatory Program, etc.).

Facilities may operate in accordance with the guidelines below, but may still pose a threat to water quality due to a high concentration of similar discharges in the same watershed or due to its location where groundwater quality is already degraded and more stringent discharge limits are in effect. If these conditions may apply, the Water Boards may require the Discharger to enroll in the Winery Order. The Discharger is encouraged to contact the State Water Board for more information at DWQ-Winery@waterboards.ca.gov

To be considered exempt, a winery must produce less than 10,000 gallons of process water per year and agree to the following criteria. Please read the Winery Order for more detail.

  1. The Discharger shall not discharge waste:
    • To surface waters or surface water drainage courses.
    • That is classified as "hazardous," as defined in California Code of Regulations (CCR), title 23, division 3, chapter 15, article 2, section 2521, or classified as "designated," as defined in Water Code, division 7, chapter 3, section 13173.
    • That is untreated or partially treated from the treatment system.
    • To land not owned, operated, controlled, or contracted by the Discharger.
  2. The Discharger shall implement the following management practices:
    • Manage winery product, winery waste, and winery waste areas (e.g., storage, loading, conveyance, treatment, and disposal areas) to prevent, mitigate, and promptly clean up any spills.
    • Maintain all winery waste within property boundaries and within appropriate onsite use areas (e.g., loading, processing, storage, treatment, disposal, and reuse areas).
    • Manage winery waste to minimize nuisance conditions (e.g., objectionable odors; mosquitoes in ponds, ditches, and other open storage areas).
    • Manage stormwater that contacts winery waste as process water. Protect stored process solids from precipitation to minimize process water generation.

A winery may be asked to provide documentation that substantiates a discharger’s compliance with these criteria in obtaining a local use permit from a county or city permitting authority. The Water Boards are not required to review or provide exemption certifications. Therefore, the winery will need to work directly with the county or city permitting authority on the required documentation.

References

Hazardous waste is referenced in the CCR title 23 reference, which refers to Title 22 CCR, division 4.5, chapter 11, article 1 section 66261.3 for the core definition.

Designated waste” means either of the following:

  • (a) Hazardous waste that has been granted a variance from hazardous waste management requirements pursuant to Section 25143 of the Health and Safety Code.
  • (b) Nonhazardous waste that consists of, or contains, pollutants that, under ambient environmental conditions at a waste management unit, could be released in concentrations exceeding applicable water quality objectives or that could reasonably be expected to affect beneficial uses of the waters of the state as contained in the appropriate state water quality control plan.

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