Lower Klamath Project

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Project No. 14803

Copco No. 1 Dam and Powerhouse Copco No. 1 Dam and Powerhouse
(facing downstream on the Klamath River)
Picture provided by State Water Board staff

Applicant: Klamath River Renewal Corporation
County: Siskiyou
FERC License Expiration Date: Not Applicable - Surrender Application
Water Quality Certification Status: Final Issued - April 7, 2020
Amendment issued - November 3, 2022
Waterbody: Klamath River
FERC Licensing Process: License Surrender

Project Description

The Lower Klamath Project (Project) is located along the Klamath River, in Siskiyou County, California, and in Klamath County, Oregon. The nearest city to the California portion of the Project is Yreka, which is located 20 miles southwest of the Project’s downstream end.

On September 23, 2016, PacifiCorp and the Klamath River Renewal Corporation (KRRC) filed a joint application with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to: separate PacifiCorp’s Klamath Hydroelectric Project (FERC Project No. 2082) facilities into two separate projects (outlined below); and transfer ownership of one of the newly created project - the Lower Klamath Project - to the KRRC.

  • Lower Klamath Project consists primarily of four dams and associated facilities, listed from upstream to downstream: (1) J.C. Boyle (Oregon); (2) Copco No. 1 (California); (3) Copco No. 2 (California); and (4) Iron Gate (California).
  • Klamath Hydroelectric Project consists primarily of the following facilities, listed from upstream to downstream: (1) East Side (Oregon); (2) West Side (Oregon); (3) Keno (Oregon); and (4) Fall Creek (California).

Also on September 23, 2016, the KRRC applied to FERC for permission to decommission the Lower Klamath Project in accordance with the amended Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement. Additionally, on September 23, 2016, the KRRC applied to the State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board) for a water quality certification (certification) for the Project under section 401 of the Clean Water Act. On March 15, 2018, FERC approved separation of the Klamath Hydroelectric Project into two licenses, creating a new license for the Lower Klamath Project (FERC Project No. 14083).

The Project primarily consists of the decommissioning and removal of four dams (J.C. Boyle, Copco No. 1, Copco No. 2, and Iron Gate) and associated facilities located in the Hydroelectric Reach (i.e., the Klamath River and tributaries from Iron Gate Dam to the upstream extent of J.C. Boyle Reservoir), to re-establish a free-flowing Klamath River and provide for volitional fish passage. The Project implements portions of the Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement, as amended on November 30, 2016.

Additional information on the Lower Klamath Project and the Klamath Hydroelectric Project, including information beyond the scope of the State Water Board’s water quality certification process, can be found on FERC's elibrary.

Klamath River Water Quality Issues

Blue-green algal blooms occur yearly in the Klamath River and in Iron Gate and Copco Reservoirs. One species, Microcystis aeruginosa (microcystis), produces microcystin, a liver toxin, and has led to annual issuance of state health advisories during the late summer and early fall (health advisory poster). The anadromous fish populations in the Klamath River watershed have declined significantly in recent years. Riverine conditions contributing to the decline include fish passage blockage that eliminates access to prime habitat, parasitic fish diseases in the watershed, and poor water quality. The Klamath River, and Project dam and associated facilities are listed in the California’s 2014 and 2016 California Integrated Report (Clean Water Act Section 303(d) List and 305(b) Report) as follows:

  • The Klamath River from the Oregon border to the Pacific Ocean is listed for nutrients, organic enrichment/low dissolved oxygen, and temperature.
  • Iron Gate and Copco No. 1 reservoirs are listed for mercury and microcystin, a liver toxin produced by blue-green algae.
  • The Klamath River from Copco No. 1 reservoir to the Trinity River is listed for microcystin.
  • The Klamath River from the Trinity River to the Pacific Ocean is listed for sediment.
  • The Klamath River from Iron Gate Dam to the Scott River is listed for aluminum.

Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement

On February 18, 2010, PacifiCorp, several state, federal, and local agencies, non-governmental organizations, individual stakeholders and Native American tribes executed the Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement (KHSA). The State Water Board is not a signatory to, and is not bound by, the KHSA. The KHSA seeks to return the Klamath River to free-flowing conditions and provide volitional fish passage in the portion of the Klamath River currently occupied by the Project’s dams and associated facilities. The originally executed KHSA proposed federal legislation that would have halted PacifiCorp’s Klamath Hydroelectric Project FERC relicensing process and granted the Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior the authority to determine whether removing J.C. Boyle, Copco No. 1, Copco No. 2, and Iron Gate dam developments was in the public interest and would advance salmon restoration.

In 2016, the KHSA was amended to remove the need for congressional authorization, and to pursue dam removal through the FERC license surrender process.

Four other settlement agreements were executed by a number of parties with varying interests in the Klamath Basin: 1) Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement; 2) Klamath Power and Facilities Agreement; and 3) Upper Klamath Basin Comprehensive Agreement; and 4) Klamath Power and Facilities Agreement. The KHSA and these settlement agreements, among other things: 1) provided a decision-making framework and process for removal of J.C. Boyle, Copco No. 1, Copco No. 2, and Iron Gate dam developments; 2) addressed water supply and allocation issues; and 3) set forth substantial water quality improvement measures for the Upper Klamath Basin.

Approval of Interim Measure 11 Priority List of Projects per Appendix D of the Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement

Related Documents

Frequently Asked Questions for Lower Klamath Project License Surrender – March 26 2024

Lower Klamath Project and Water Quality Monitoring Reports

Provisional data from water quality sampling done by the KRRC below Iron Gate Dam is posted below. Such data give early insight into water quality conditions and trends. The KRRC and State Water Board are coordinating to post the data (before quality assurance) in the interest of transparency, given the high level of public interest. The KRRC will conduct quality assurance on all such sampling data, as required by the December 2022 Water Quality Sampling and Analysis Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Lower Klamath Project. Provisional data will be removed from the webpage and replaced with the final results as the final monthly water quality monitoring reports become available.

Final Water Quality Monitoring Reports

Lower Klamath Project Water Quality Certification

California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA):

Lower Klamath Project's Water Quality Certification Application and Other Submitted Information:

North Coast Regional Water Quality Control Board:

Hoopa Valley Tribe:

State Water Board Plans and Policies: